1991: PRESIDENTIAL INITIATIVES TO STABILIZE NUCLEAR RELATIONSHIPS

In September 1991, President George H. W. Bush announced that the United States would remove almost all US tactical nuclear forces from deployment so that Russia could undertake similar actions, reducing the risk of nuclear proliferation as the Soviet Union dissolved. Specifically, the US committed to eliminating all of its nuclear artillery shells and short-range nuclear ballistic missile warheads and removing all nonstrategic nuclear warheads from surface ships, attack submarines, and land-based naval aircraft. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev reciprocated, pledging to eliminate all nuclear artillery munitions, nuclear warheads for tactical missiles, and nuclear landmines. He also pledged to withdraw all Soviet tactical naval nuclear weapons from deployment. LEARN MORE

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