Project Sapphire was a creative, rapid response to dealing with former Soviet nuclear material that “fell through the cracks” of the CTR program. In 1994, US officials visiting Kazakhstan discovered that some 1,300 pounds of bomb-grade uranium was being stored at a nuclear facility. This facility, and its potentially deadly contents, had not been accounted for as part of the larger CTR program. The amount of material could have been readily fashioned into scores of bombs. Through quick and secret planning, the US and Kazakh governments had the material airlifted to a highly secure nuclear facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. LEARN MORE